Mustard Seeds

Botanical Information

Mustard seeds come from various species of mustard plants in the Brassicaceae family. The three main plants that produce mustard seeds are black mustard (Brassica nigra), brown Indian mustard (B. juncea), and white mustard (B. hirta/Sinapis alba). The seeds are small, round, and typically measure about 1-2 mm in diameter. Mustard seeds can be yellowish-white or black in color, depending on the variety of plants they come from. Mustard plants are annual or biennial herbs that grow up to 1-2 meters in height. They are typically grown in temperate climates and are widely cultivated for their seeds and edible leaves.

Nutritional Information

Mustard seeds are a highly nutritious food with a wide range of health benefits. They are a very good source of selenium, which has been shown to help reduce the severity of asthma, decrease some symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, and help prevent cancer. They also contain omega-3 fatty acids, which are essential for brain function and may help reduce the risk of heart disease. Mustard seeds are also a good source of phosphorus, magnesium, manganese, dietary fiber, iron, calcium, protein, niacin, and zinc. These nutrients are essential for maintaining good health and supporting a healthy diet.

In addition to their high nutrient content, mustard seeds are also rich in phytonutrients called glucosinolates. These compounds are converted into isothiocyanates when the seeds are crushed or chewed, and these isothiocyanates have been shown to have anti-cancer effects. In animal studies, isothiocyanates have been shown to inhibit the growth of existing cancer cells and be protective against the formation of new cancer cells.

Mustard seeds are also known for their anti-inflammatory effects. They contain selenium and magnesium, which have been shown to help reduce the severity of asthma, lower high blood pressure, restore normal sleep patterns in women experiencing symptoms of menopause, reduce the frequency of migraine attacks, and prevent heart attacks in patients with atherosclerosis or diabetic heart disease.

Finally, mustard seeds are a good source of dietary fiber. Fiber is essential for maintaining healthy digestion, promoting regular bowel movements, and preventing constipation. It can also help lower cholesterol levels, regulate blood sugar levels, and support healthy weight management.

Mustard seeds have been used for thousands of years for culinary and medicinal purposes. The exact origin of mustard seeds is not known, but it is believed to have originated in either the Mediterranean region or Central Asia.

The use of mustard seeds can be traced back to ancient times. The ancient Greeks and Romans used mustard seeds in their cuisine, and it was also used

in ancient Chinese and Indian medicine. Mustard was also mentioned in the Bible, and it was believed to have been used by the ancient Israelites.

During the Middle Ages, mustard seeds became a popular ingredient in European cuisine. It was used to flavor meats and vegetables, and it was also used in sauces and condiments. In the 18th century, the French began making Dijon mustard, which is still popular today.

Mustard seeds were brought to North America by early European settlers, and it quickly became a popular crop. Today, the United States is one of the largest producers of mustard seeds in the world.

Mustard seeds offer a range of health benefits due to their nutrient content and active compounds. Here are some potential health benefits of consuming mustard seeds:

  • Anti-inflammatory properties: Mustard seeds contain compounds like selenium, magnesium, and omega-3 fatty acids, which have anti-inflammatory effects on the body. These properties make them helpful for reducing inflammation-related health issues such as asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, and migraine headaches.
  • Anti-cancer properties: Mustard seeds contain glucosinolates, which can be broken down into isothiocyanates, compounds that have been shown to have anti-cancer properties. Studies have found that these compounds may help to inhibit the growth of existing cancer cells and may be protective against the formation of new cancer cells.
  • Digestive health: Mustard seeds contain fiber, which is beneficial for digestive health. Fiber helps to promote regular bowel movements and can reduce the risk of constipation. Additionally, the compounds in mustard seeds may help to neutralize toxins and prevent an upset stomach.
  • Skin health: The sulfur content in mustard seeds can have positive effects on skin health. Sulfur is known to help treat skin conditions like acne and psoriasis, and it may also help to reduce signs of aging like wrinkles and fine lines.
  • Respiratory health: Mustard seeds can be beneficial for respiratory health due to their ability to clear the sinuses and decongest the lungs. Mustard plasters or poultices applied to the chest can help to ease coughs, colds, and bronchitis.
  • Type: Mustard comes in various types such as Dijon, whole grain, yellow, spicy brown, and honey mustard. Choose the type that suits your taste and recipe requirements.
  • Brand: Look for a reputable brand that uses quality ingredients and has a good reputation for producing tasty and safe mustard.
  • Ingredients: Check the ingredient list and avoid mustard that contains artificial flavors, colors, and preservatives. Look for mustard that uses simple and natural ingredients such as mustard seeds, vinegar, and salt.
  • Freshness: Choose mustard that has a fresh and vibrant aroma. Check the expiry date and opt for mustard that has a longer shelf life if you plan to store it for an extended period.
  • Texture: Consider the texture of the mustard. If you prefer a smoother texture, go for Dijon or yellow mustard. If you prefer a coarser texture, choose whole-grain mustard.
  • Heat level: Mustard can vary in heat level, so consider your tolerance for spicy foods. If you prefer mild mustard, choose yellow or honey mustard. If you like your mustard to have a kick, choose spicy brown or Dijon mustard.
  • Packaging: Choose mustard that comes in a convenient and easy-to-use package. Squeeze bottles and jars with wide mouths are easy to use and keep the mustard fresh.
  • Store unopened mustard in a cool, dry place: Unopened mustard can be stored in a pantry or cupboard away from heat and moisture.
  • Refrigerate after opening: Once opened, mustard should be refrigerated to maintain its quality and freshness.
  • Use an airtight container: Store opened mustard in an airtight container, such as a jar or a plastic container with a tight-fitting lid. This helps to prevent moisture and other contaminants from entering the container.
  • Keep away from direct sunlight: Mustard should be stored away from direct sunlight, as exposure to light can cause the seeds to lose their flavor and color.
  • Shake before using: Before using the mustard, give it a good shake to ensure that the contents are well mixed.
  • Check the expiration date: Be sure to check the expiration date on the mustard before using it. Expired mustard can spoil and may cause food poisoning if consumed.
  • Freeze for long-term storage: If you have a large quantity of mustard that you won’t be able to use within a few months, you can freeze it. Transfer the mustard to a freezer-safe container, leaving a bit of room at the top for expansion, and store it in the freezer for up to six months. However, note that freezing may change the texture of the mustard, so it is best to freeze only in small portions that can be used quickly after thawing.

Mustard Recipes


4-5 medium-sized potatoes, peeled and cubed

2 tbsp mustard oil

1 tbsp mustard seeds

1 tsp cumin seeds

1 onion, finely chopped

1 tsp ginger paste

1 tsp garlic paste

2 green chillies, slit

1 tsp turmeric powder

1 tsp red chilli powder

Salt to taste

1 cup water

Chopped coriander leaves for garnishing


  • Heat mustard oil in a pan and add mustard seeds and cumin seeds.
  • When the seeds start to crackle, add chopped onions and fry till golden brown.
  • Add ginger paste, garlic paste, and slit green chillies, and fry for 1-2 minutes.
  • Add turmeric powder, red chilli powder, and salt and mix well.
  • Add the cubed potatoes and mix well, making sure the potatoes are coated with the spice mixture.
  • Add 1 cup of water and mix well.
  • Cover and cook for 10-15 minutes, or until the potatoes are tender.
  • Once the potatoes are cooked, turn off the heat and garnish with chopped coriander leaves.
  • Serve hot with steamed rice or roti.


2 tablespoons oil

1 teaspoon mustard seeds

1 large onion, chopped

2 teaspoons grated ginger

2 teaspoons minced garlic

1/2 teaspoon turmeric

1/2 teaspoon ground cumin

1/2 teaspoon ground coriander

1/2 teaspoon garam masala

1 large potato, diced

1 small cauliflower, cut into small florets

Salt, to taste

1/2 cup water

Chopped fresh coriander leaves, for garnish


  • Heat oil in a large pan over medium heat. Add mustard seeds and wait for them to start popping.
  • Add onions, ginger, and garlic to the pan and sauté until onions are translucent.
  • Add turmeric, cumin, coriander, and garam masala and cook for 1-2 minutes, stirring constantly.
  • Add potatoes and cauliflower to the pan and mix well with the spices.
  • Add salt to taste and 1/2 cup water. Cover the pan and cook for 15-20 minutes or until the vegetables are tender.
  • Garnish with chopped fresh coriander leaves and serve hot with rice or bread.

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